13. Flipped and blended learning

kids writingDigital tools can be used to teach in new ways to support learning. 

For example, flipped and blended learning are ways you can teach using digital tools (such as the online resource you created in Thing12).

What is flipped learning?

Flipped learning is essentially when the students learn the concepts and knowledge after hours then use class time for exercises and discussion. The teacher’s role becomes more like the ‘guide on the side’ than the ‘sage on the stage’.

Flipped learning pioneers Aaron Sams and Jon Bergmann describe flipped learning in this video:

This Flipped Classroom infographic from Knewton explains some theory behind changing the classroom environment.

What is blended learning?

Blended learning is a mix of classroom (face-to-face) learning and online learning using digital resources. This videos shares some commonly agreed ideas on blended learning in education.

Claire Amos blogs about this in So, why we are focusing on Blended Learning at HPSS?

Some ideas about blended and flipped learning

Advantages

  • Potential to personalise learning and differentiate the curriculum for students’ learning needs and interests.
  • Opportunities for independent, student-driven learning and increased flexibility as to when and where students learn. They may also have a wider choice of what they learn.
  • Blended learning lets students interact online as well as face-to face so they can collaborate in a variety of contexts.
  • Increased student engagement and motivation as students have the opportunity to work independently, use multimedia, learn new ICT skills, and showcase their work to others, including their parents.
  • Encourages parents to become involved in their child’s learning as they can easily access students’ work online.

Challenges

  • Some students may need support to develop their capacity to work independently and to be self-directed.
  • Teachers may need pedagogical support to learn how to take advantage of the new ways of working that flipped and blended learning can provide.
  • Teachers and students may need technological support to build the ICT skills that flipped and blended learning requires.
  • It may be difficult to track students’ work in a blended or flipped learning environment (see the Teacher Dashboard solutions below).

How to create a lesson for your flipped or blended classroom

You can use online resources that you have found (Thing9 or Thing10) or online resources that you make with your own content (Thing12) for your flipped or blended lessons.

To recap you can create an online resource with hyperlinks to go to online websites, documents or videos. Here’s how to do this for a GoogleSite (Thing 11 has more info and other platforms) or for a Microsoft Site (SharePoint).

You can also embed (add) videos, documents, websites. Here’s how to do this in Edublogger (Thing4 has more for other types of blogs).

Some teachers use QR Codes for students to scan with a QR Code Reader which takes them straight to the required webpage. This is ideal for younger students.

Alternatively, you can create specific lessons for an environment. Microsoft have a useful free add in for PowerPoint, Office Mix, for creating lessons for your flipped or blended learning environment.  Use these ideas to help you build a lesson.

How to manage these in your classroom

Jon Bergman shares a list of questions to consider as you begin to flip your classes. His website Flipped Learning – Simplified is a useful resource when you start your flipped classroom journey.

There are various Teacher Dashboards that some schools use to manage sharing content with students such as: Google Classroom (which is free). Richard Wells has a helpful blog post about using it.  There are also options that have a cost to the school such as Hapara Teacher Dashboard , Hapara Workspace , or Teacher Dashboard for Microsoft Office 365 or OneNote Class Notebook Creator.

try-this-iconTry this

Share your thoughts, ideas and questions about blended and flipped learning in the Padlet links below. Padlet is an online post-it note board. Here’s how to use Padlet.

Blog briefly about your thoughts on how you might use blended or flipped learning.

explore-further-iconExplore further

An overview of blended learning from Khan Academy introduces several different models of blended learning (Flipped Classroom, Station Rotation, Lab Rotation and, Flex Model).  Similarly, the Teacher’s Guide to the Flipped Classroom discuses the different models and outlines some of the digital tools you can use to support the flipped classroom.

Getting Started with a Flipped Classroom by Peter Pappas highlights the importance of creating time for in-class student collaboration, inquiry, and interaction.

10 Must-Read articles about Blended Learning highlights their 10 articles about blended learning. They explain the idea behind combining learning techniques and give tips on building your own blended learning strategy.

Flipped Learning in Kiwi Classrooms  or Engaging Learners in a Blended Learning Environment in the Education Review Series examines these practices in NZ classrooms.

Strategies for engaging learners in a blended environment is a summary report which outlines ways to use the blended environment to engage students by Lynn M Jeffrey, John Milne, Gordon Suddaby and Andrew Higgins.

Five-Minute Film Festival: The Basics of Blended Learning is a playlist of videos and resources designed to help you navigate the meaning and the potential of blended learning.

A case study of blended teaching and learning in a New Zealand secondary school, using an ecological framework by Pinelopi Zaka.

QR Codes in the Classroom – Kathy Schrock has a wealth of resources and ideas about using QR Codes in the classroom.

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Parts of this Thing were not adapted.

Header image: Sara Jade Photography / CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 NZ

Icons: Everaldo Coelho and YellowIcon / GNU Lesser General Public LicenseThis post is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

This post is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Unported License.

23 teaching things is written by Lucie Lindsay and Bronwyn Edmunds. This professional learning series is from CreATE at the University of Auckland’s Faculty of Education and Social Work. #23Teaching

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